Determining the optimal way to visualize your information depends on what type of data you have. And scatter plots and bar graphs are not the only option.
So how do YOU make something like this for your data? The first step is to understand the results of your data and decide the purpose of your visualization.
Then, you need to figure out the advantages and disadvantages of each type of visualization. Not all of them are going to be appropriate to present your data. The following sites describe the advantages and disadvantages well:
- The Data Visualisation Catalogue: Describes the function of each type visualization as well as the “anatomy” of it. This is a good spot to learn how data can be represented.
- Billon Dollar Graphics: Excellent way of showing the different functions on their “cheat sheet”
- Extreme Presentation has a simple flowchart on how to choose your chart.
Chartopedia is an information resource with a nice clean visual dictionary of many different types of charts.
Source: Chartopedia | AnyChart
The Chart Chooser below is a Tableau Public workbook that helps users chose what type of chart they need for their purposes.